Canon RF 28-70mm F2 L USM Lens Review

Canon RF 28-70mm F2 L USM Lens

In the camera lens market, heavy weight, a large size and a big hit on the wallet often equates to awesomeness. This lens is awesome and it also has those other attributes. For those able to pay the price and carry the size and weight (it is not that heavy), this lens is like having a large set of primes, in terms of both max aperture and image quality, in a single lens.

When introducing the Canon EOS R and the RF mount, Canon's first full frame lens mount introduced since the EF (electronic focusing) mount was introduced over 30 years ago, Canon also introduced some knock-out lenses and the RF 28-70mm F2 L was one of them. This is the world's first (we always love these) full frame zoom lens with a focal length longer than 35mm to have a max aperture wider than f/2.8. The RF 28-70 F2 L offers a great general purpose zoom range with an aperture a full stop (2x) wider than any alternative with a focal length longer than 1/2 as long as 70mm and that is huge.

The Canon RF 28-70mm F2 L USM Lens delivers impressive image quality that is supported by fast and very accurate AF. This lens features L-series professional-grade build quality including weather sealing. Combine those qualities with a general purpose focal length range and the end result will be a most-used lens in many kits.

You will need an RF-mount camera (the EOS R-series) to mount this lens on, but this lens is good enough to justify buying an RF-mount camera if only to use this lens. This is a lens that is going to sell a lot of Canon EOS R cameras and future RF-mount-compatible models.

Canon RF 28-70mm F2 L USM Lens Angle View

Focal Length Range

When using a prime lens, physically moving closer to or farther away from the subject (AKA, "sneaker zoom"), is typically how ideal subject framing is achieved. Since distance to the subject determines perspective, and focal length selection, especially for the wide and normal range, should be based on the desired perspective, the right focal length prime lens must be selected with the sneaker zoom confined to fine-tuning the framing. That can mean a lot of prime lenses are needed and a lot of time-consuming, sensor-dust-inviting lens changes required during a shoot.

Canon RF 28-70mm F2 L USM Lens Concert Sample Picture

A zoom lens does not change the ideal perspective for a photograph, and thus, adjusting to the ideal subject distance remains important. But, having a zoom lens can very dramatically speed up a shoot by eliminating most or even all lens changes. This is especially important if the subject is impatient (does that describe any of your kids?), time is limited (weddings, for example) or the subject is not under your control (such as in most action sports).

As this lens covers the core general purpose focal length range, it can save a LOT of lens changes. The 28-70mm focal length range, as alluded to by the general purpose designation, is a tremendously-useful one with an immense list of best-for subjects.

Canon RF 28-70mm F2 L USM Lens Hawaiian Luau Sample Picture

This is a great focal length range for photographing people and it is ideal for portraits, weddings, parties, events, documentaries, interviews, lifestyle, theater, fashion, studio portraiture, candids and some sports.

Canon EOS RP Portrait Sample Picture

Use 70mm for head and shoulders portraits and the wider end for groups and environmental imagery. This lens is a perfect choice for media and photojournalistic needs.

Canon RF 28-70mm F2 L USM Lens Hawaiian Fire Dancer Sample Picture

This lens is a good choice for landscape photography with compositions ideally captured using every focal length available in this lens. It is not difficult to create compelling landscape compositions using the 28mm perspective, while still providing emphasis on a foreground subject against an in-focus background with the viewer feeling a sense of presence in the scene. At the other end of the range, 70mm works great for mildly-compressed landscapes featuring distant subjects such as mountains. With an ultra-wide aperture, this lens is attractive for photographing the night sky.

This lens is well-suited for commercial photography and is ready to capture interior and exterior architecture, cities, countrysides, flowers, medium and large products and much more.

Canon EOS RP Portrait

Here is an example of what this focal length range looks like:

Canon RF 28-70mm F2 L USM Lens Focal Length Range Example

28mm | 35mm | 50mm | 70mm

Note that many alternative standard zoom lenses offer 24mm on the wide end. Do I miss having the extra 4mm on my general purpose zooms lens? For landscapes, yes. For event shooting, no. Here is a 24mm vs. 28mm comparison:

Canon EF 24-70mm f/2.8L II USM Lens Focal Length Range Example

At review time, this lens is not compatible with any APS-C (1.6x FOVCF) format cameras. Should that fact change in the future, or should an R-series cameras' 1.6x crop mode be used, the full frame angle of view equivalent will be 44.8-112mm. This range is lacking from a wide angle perspective, but it has a very attractive long end, making it a great portrait focal length range.

Canon RF 28-70mm F2 L USM Lens Front View

Max Aperture

I briefly discussed prime lenses in the beginning of the focal length range discussion because this zoom lens reaches into prime lens territory. Prior to the introduction of the Canon RF 28-70mm F2 L USM Lens, only one full frame zoom lens had an aperture wider than f/2.8 and that one stopped at 35mm. Otherwise, prime lenses were required to get an aperture wider than f/2.8 in the typical/standard general purpose focal length range. While some prime lenses open a stop or more wider than the RF 28-70 F2 L, this lens opens a full stop wider than the full frame general purpose zoom lenses before it and that 2x additional light is a big deal.

Wide apertures are useful for stopping action, both that of the subject and that of the camera, in low light levels while keeping ISO settings low. While having an f/2 aperture may not be greatly advantageous from ISO and shutter speed perspectives when photographing under bright light (daylight for example), the 2x difference between f/2.8 and f/2 is huge in low light scenarios.

Even when photographing under bright light conditions, wide apertures are useful for creating a strong background blur that makes a subject pop from an even highly distracting background. Wide apertures are also a benefit for AF systems, enabling them to work better in low light environments.

Here is an example of the maximum background blur this lens can produce:

Canon EOS R and Canon RF 28-70mm F2 L USM Lens Sample Picture

Note that this lens does not feature image stabilization. Canon's engineers have not provided a reason for this design decision, but image stabilization adds size, weight and cost to a lens. IS can also compromise image quality and durability.

This lens's super-wide f/2 aperture in combination with its significant zoom focal length range make it a very attractive option.

Canon RF 28-70mm F2 L USM Lens Top View with Hood

Image Quality

Part of the awesomeness of the Canon RF 28-70mm F2 L USM Lens is the image quality it delivers. Few spending the amount requested for this lens are going to settle for anything less than excellence in regards to image quality and this lens delivers on that expectation.

This lens is quite sharp wide open at f/2 and, with a touch of increased contrast showing, extremely sharp at f/2.8. Very little improvement can be observed at 4. This description covers the entire focal length range and from full frame corner to corner. The focal length setting makes little difference in the image quality, an unusual quality for a lens that traverses the wide angle to short telephoto range (normal is for there to be an image quality decline at the longer focal lengths).

Note that the Canon EOS R's images will appear slightly softer at the same Canon Digital Photo Pro sharpness setting than the Canon EOS 5Ds R results that are shown for many of the site's lens tests. If doing direct comparisons between these two cameras, keep this fact in mind. The EOS R simply needs a +1 amount of sharpness applied to equalize the setting (try adjusting the sharpness of the sample crops provided).

Here is an RF 28-70 F2 vs. RF 50mm F1.2 comparison that shows this zoom up against near perfection in a prime lens.

In addition to our standard lab tests, I like to share some real world examples. The images below are 100% resolution crops from images captured in RAW format using an EOS R. The images were processed in Canon's Digital Photo Professional using the Standard Picture Style with sharpness set to "2". These examples are from the center of the frame.

Canon RF 28-70mm F2 L USM Lens Sharpness Comparison Example

28mm: f/2.0 | f/2.8 | f/4.0   35mm: f/2.0 | f/2.8 | f/4.0
50mm: f/2.0 | f/2.8 | f/4.0  70mm: f/2.0 | f/2.8 | f/4.0

There could be a touch of heat waves showing in these images, but the clear sky opportunity for testing was very short and I think the results are representative of this lens's performance. The f/2 images look great (find the center of depth of field) and, with a small amount of increased sharpening, they look excellent. F/2.8 brings about that improvement naturally and these results are razor sharp.

The depth of field remains well-centered as this lens is stopped down. Focus shift is not a problem.

Presented below are extreme top left corners processed identically to the center-of-the-frame results shared above.

Canon RF 28-70mm F2 L USM Lens Sharpness Comparison Example

28mm: f/2.0 | f/2.8 | f/4.0 | f/5.6
35mm: f/2.0 | f/2.8 | f/4.0 | f/5.6
50mm: f/2.0 | f/2.8 | f/4.0 | f/5.6
70mm: f/2.0 | f/2.8 | f/4.0 | f/5.6

Those are very impressive corners for a zoom lens and these would be impressive even for an f/2 prime. The 70mm extreme corner results are a touch softer than the other focal lengths.

Do the corners need to be sharp? No, not always. For example, often when the subject is a person and a wide aperture is being used, the entire surroundings are frequently desired to be out of focus with the blur helping the subject to stand out. But, sometimes sharp corners are very important with landscape and architecture photographers among those requiring that aspect.

The question is not whether or not a lens's wide open aperture images show peripheral shading, but how much shading they show. In this case, an f/2 aperture will result in about 3 stops of corner shading with just slightly less at the long half of the focal length range. Stopping down reduces the shading and f/2.8 images from this lens show from 2 to just under 1.8 stops of darkening in the corners as the focal length range is traversed. At f/4, the range is from 1.2 to 1 stop. Little additional improvement is realized with a narrower aperture selected at the wide end and only modest improvement is seen at long focal lengths save 70mm where f/8 nets about 0.6 stops.

With 1 stop often used as the visibility delineator, this lens will show noticeable shading at wide apertures and still sometimes-slightly-visible shading at narrow apertures at the wider half of the focal length range. Vignetting can be corrected during post processing with increased noise in the brightened areas being the penalty. Vignetting can also be simply embraced, using the effect to draw the viewer's eye to the center of the frame.

The effect of different colors of the spectrum being magnified differently is referred to as lateral (or transverse) CA (Chromatic Aberration). Lateral CA shows as color fringing along lines of strong contrast running tangential (meridional, right angles to radii) with the mid and especially the periphery of the image circle showing the greatest amount as this is where the greatest difference in the magnification of wavelengths exists.

While lateral CA is usually easily corrected with software (often in the camera) by radially shifting the colors to coincide, it is of course better to not have it in the first place. Any color misalignment present can easily be seen in the site's image quality tool, but let's also look at a set of worst-case examples, 100% crops from the extreme top left corner of EOS R frames.

Canon RF 28-70mm F2 L USM Lens Lateral Chromatic Aberration Example

28mm | 35mm | 50mm | 70mm

The only colors showing in these images should be black and white with the additional colors showing lateral CA. Most zoom lenses show lateral CA at their focal length extremities and this one also has some. At 28mm, the amount is modest, and by 35mm, lateral CA is essentially gone. The 50mm result is still looking great with the colors reversing and appearing in moderately-strong levels at 70mm.

A relatively common lens aberration is axial (longitudinal, bokeh) CA, which causes non-coinciding focal planes of the various wavelengths of light, or more simply, different colors of light focused to different depths. Spherical aberration along with spherochromatism, or a change in the amount of spherical aberration with respect to color (looks quite similar to axial chromatic aberration but is hazier) are other common lens aberrations to look for. Axial CA remains at least somewhat persistent when stopping down with the color misalignment effect increasing with defocusing while the spherical aberration color halo shows little size change as the lens is defocused and stopping down one to two stops generally removes this aberration.

In the real world, lens defects do not exist in isolation with spherical aberration and spherochromatism generally found, at least to some degree, along with axial CA. These combine to create a less sharp, hazy-appearing image quality at the widest apertures.

The examples below are 100% EOS R crops showing silver jewelry coming into and out of focus. These images were captured at f/2 with the second 50mm and 70mm images captured at f/2.8.

Canon RF 28-70mm F2 L USM Lens Spherical and Axial Aberration Example

28mm | 35mm | 50mm | 50mm | 70mm | 70mm

A perfect lens will render the fringing foreground colors the same as the fringing background colors. While I'm not going to call this lens perfect, it performs impressively for an f/2 zoom lens, showing only minor color fringing.

The RF 28-70 F2 L features Air Sphere Coating (ASC) for reduced flaring and ghosting. With 19 lenses in 13 groups in an ultra-wide aperture zoom design, flare-free is not what we expected from this lens. However, at wide apertures, very few flare effects are seen even with the sun in the corner of the frame. As usual, flare increases at narrower apertures and longer focal lengths. In our standard testing, a modest, but not unusual, amount of flaring is seen at 70mm f/16.

There are two lens aberrations that are particularly evident when shooting images of stars, mainly because bright points of light against a dark background make them easier to see. Coma occurs when light rays from a point of light spread out from that point, instead of being refocused as a point on the sensor. Coma is absent in the center of the frame, gets worse toward the edges/corners and generally appears as a comet-like or triangular tail of light which can be oriented either away from the center of the frame (external coma), or toward the center of the frame (internal coma). Astigmatism is seen as points of light spreading into a line, either sagittal (radiating from the center of the image) or meridional (tangential, perpendicular to sagittal). Remember that lateral CA is another aberration apparent in the corners.

Shown below are top-left 100% crops (captured on a bright-moon night).

Canon RF 28-70mm F2 L USM Lens Coma Example

28mm | 35mm | 50mm | 70mm

At 28mm, corner stars are being stretched outward and also show some wings in the meridional direction for average or perhaps slightly better than average performance. By virtue of the longer focal length, the stars are shown larger in the 35mm example, but the aberrations are similar. At 50mm, the stars are appearing rounder with only faint wings. At 70mm, sight inward stretching is apparent, but the results are still relatively good.

Typical is for normal zoom lenses to have barrel distortion at the wide end and pincushion distortion at the long end with a transition to little or no linear distortion at a focal length closer to the wide end. This lens mostly meets that expectation. At 28mm, the barrel distortion appears as a moderate bulge most noticeable in the central portion of the image circle. The transition to no distortion occurs between 35mm and 50mm with those two focal lengths having just minor geometric distortion. I'll describe the pincushion profile at 70mm as modest. It is there, but it is not strong.

Lens correction profiles are available for the popular image processing applications and distortion can be easily removed using these, but distortion correction is destructive at the pixel level and correction is not as good as using a distortion-free lens and focal length combination in the first place.

Bokeh, referring to the quality of the foreground and background blur, is a concern of many photographers. Below are some examples of out-of-focus specular highlights.

Canon RF 28-70mm F2 L USM Lens Bokeh Example

28mm | 70mm | 28mm | 70mm

While the size of the highlights change throughout the focal length range, their shape and appearance change very little. I've shared f/8 examples from both ends of the range and you can expect results from those in between to appear similar. These results are good/normal. Stopped down 4 stops, the aperture blades are showing involvement, adding straight lines to the highlights' periphery. The centers show decent smoothness.

The second set of examples were captured at f/2 and mild cat's eye bokeh, a form of mechanical vignetting, can be seen in the corners. Again, I've shared 28mm and 70mm examples and results from the intermediate focal lengths appear similar. Stopping down reduces the entrance pupil size and the mechanical vignetting absolves completely.

Wide aperture lenses often produce great star effects from point light sources when used at narrow apertures and this one has that advantage. The Christmas tree images in the focal length range example show this effect at f/16 (look at the candles on the window) and here is another:

Canon RF 28-70mm F2 L USM Lens Starburst Effect Example

This lens's 9-blade aperture produces big, beautifully-shaped 18-point stars.

Canon RF 28-70mm F2 L USM Lens Design

The Canon RF 28-70mm F2 L USM Lens design incorporates four aspheric lenses (correcting for aberrations, distortions and astigmatism) along with two UD elements and one Super UD element. As I've already completed the image quality discussion, we are primarily looking at the design from a "How did they do that?" perspective.

Overall, the Canon RF 28-70mm F2 L USM Lens produces exceptional image quality, arguably the best standard/normal zoom lens class.

Canon RF 28-70mm F2 L USM Lens Side View


Important for any lens, but especially important for a lens destined for professional use is a high-performing AF system and the Canon RF 28-70mm F2 L USM Lens has that.

The Ring USM (Ultrasonic Motor) AF system internally focuses very quickly with even long focus distance changes happening relatively fast. A quiet "shhhhh" sound of the optical group movement is heard during AF with an occassional light clunk being heard upon completion of the movement. AF distance transitions are very smooth during video recording.

If AF is being relied upon, it needs to be accurate. Otherwise, even the best optical performing lens is going to deliver poor image quality. AF precision is especially important for a lens with a wide aperture potentially yielding shallow depth of field. It seems that everything we mount to the EOS R focuses extremely accurately and that is the case with this lens.

That this lens focuses in extremely low light scenarios is going to be very appreciated by many who opt for this lens, and that trait will surely be a significant driver for photographers selecting the lens in the first place. I can't see to walk around in light conditions that I can focus this lens in. Autofocus of course happens more slowly under these conditions, but if there is some contrast available, this lens gets the job done. At 40mm and longer focal lengths, this lens will even focus on a bright star in a medium-dark sky location with a bright moon.

Canon RF 28-70mm F2 L USM Lens Extended Top View

The focus ring is mid-sized and positioned in front of the zoom ring (this is my strongly-preferred position). With a diameter increase occurring just behind it, the focus ring is easy to tactilely locate.

This is a focus-by-wire or electrical manual focus system (vs. a direct gear-driven system). The manual focus ring is a switch that electronically controls the focus of the lens as it is rotated. FTM (Full Time Manual) focusing is supported in AF mode with the camera in One Shot Drive Mode, but the shutter release must be half-pressed for the focus ring to become active. Note that FTM does not work if electronic manual focusing is disabled in the camera's menu. The lens's switch must be in the "MF" position and the camera meter must be on/awake for conventional manual focusing to be available.

With electronics driving AF, the rate of focus change caused by the focus ring can be electronically controlled and it can be variable, based on the ring's rotation speed. I frequently find the implementation of that feature to not be favorable and with the R-series cameras, a linear adjustment speed can be configured. While that setting is often my preference, this lens's variable focus adjustment feature is dialed in very well with the rate required for the faster speed is set high enough that I do not inadvertently reach it and the variable speed setting is what I have been using for this lens.

In the linear adjustment rate mode, about 180° of ring rotation is required to adjust from MFD to infinity. In the variable rate mode, between roughly 50° (a quick turn of the focus ring) and 360° is the rotation range for the full extent adjustment.

The manual focus ring has an ideal resistance and adjustments are smooth with no play and no unusual framing shift happening.

Subject magnification/framing changes are noticeable at wide angles and very noticeable at the telephoto focal lengths during full extent focus range changes. Here are examples illustrating this:

Canon RF 28-70mm F2 L USM Lens Focus Magnification Example

28mm: Distant | Close   35mm: Distant | Close
50mm: Distant | Close   70mm: Distant | Close

This lens maintains (naturally or, more likely, electronically) the proper focus distance throughout the entire zoom range (parfocal). Change the focal length after focusing and it appears to remain properly set, a nice feature, especially for video recording.

Note that this lens's aperture changes are quiet and smooth, another sought-after feature for video recording.

No focus distance scale is provided on the lens, but a digital scale can be enabled in the electronic viewfinder or LCD. The RF 28-70's focus ring is not big in width but it is large enough to be quite useful.

The RF 28-70 F2 L has a 15.4" (390mm) minimum focus distance (MFD) that delivers a 0.18x maximum magnification (MM) at 70mm. These are not remarkable specs, but they are decent. While this is a zoom lens and most zoom lenses have stronger magnification capabilities, this lens has prime-like max apertures and it bests the max magnification of many of the longer focal length prime lenses included in the table below.

Canon RF 24-70mm F2.8 L IS USM Lens8.3"(210mm)0.30x
Canon EF 24-70mm f/2.8L II USM Lens15.0"(380mm)0.21x
Canon EF 24-70mm f/4L IS USM Lens7.9"(200mm)0.70x
Canon RF 24-105mm F4 L IS USM Lens17.7"(450mm)0.24x
Canon EF 24-105mm f/4L IS II USM Lens17.7"(450mm)0.24x
Canon RF 28-70mm F2 L USM Lens15.4"(390mm)0.18x
Canon EF 28mm f/1.8 USM Lens9.8"(250mm)0.18x
Canon EF 35mm f/1.4L II USM Lens11.0"(280mm)0.21x
Canon RF 35mm f/1.8 IS STM Macro Lens6.7"(170mm)0.50x
Canon EF 35mm f/2 IS USM Lens9.4"(240mm)0.24x
Canon RF 50mm F1.2 L USM Lens15.7"(400mm)0.19x
Canon EF 50mm f/1.2L USM Lens17.7"(450mm)0.15x
Canon EF 50mm f/1.4 USM Lens17.7"(450mm)0.15x
Canon EF 50mm f/1.8 STM Lens13.8"(350mm)0.21x
Canon EF 85mm f/1.2L II USM Lens37.4"(950mm)0.11x
Canon EF 85mm f/1.4L IS USM Lens33.5"(850mm)0.12x
Canon EF 85mm f/1.8 USM Lens33.5"(850mm)0.13x

A subject measuring about 7.3 x 4.9" (185 x 123mm) can be made to fill the viewfinder at 70mm. The 2.5" (634mm) bulbs in the image below were captured at this lens's minimum focus distance.

Canon RF 28-70mm F2 L USM Lens Maximum Magnification Examples

Magnification from wide angle through standard/normal focal length lenses is generally significantly increased with the use of extension tubes, hollow tubes with electronic connections that shift a lens farther from the camera. As of review time, RF mount-compatible extension tubes do not exist.

This lens is not compatible with Canon extenders.

Canon RF 28-70mm F2 L USM Lens on Tripod

Build Quality & Features

While Canon's RF L lenses take on a slightly updated look, those familiar with EF L lenses will immediately recognize this lens's heritage, primarily denoted by the red ring. The L designation assures that this lens has professional grade build quality and reliability required by those who must bring home the assigned imagery. This lens has great looks and the fit and finish are excellent.

Canon RF 28-70mm F2 L USM Lens Product Images

MFD |    MFD |    w/ Hood:  MFD |    MFD |    Rotated        Compare »

While it is not especially long, the Canon RF 28-70mm F2 L is a handful of a lens because of its wide diameter.

The mount is of course the standard size for an RF lens (relatively large and easy to work with) and there is adequate space available to grip the camera without the grip hand's knuckles touching the lens as its diameter continues to linearly increase until straightening at a large diameter within the zoom ring. Being part of the front edge of the first straight portion of the barrel makes this ring easy to find and convenient to use. The zoom ring is smooth with no play.

A small diameter increase occurs just prior to the focus ring. Keeping the focus ring just past this diameter increase, versus being part of it like the zoom ring, makes it harder to inadvertently change focus while making the ring still easy to tactilely find, as discussed earlier.

New with Canon RF lenses is the knurled "Control Ring", able to be configured for fast access to settings including aperture, ISO, and exposure compensation. Note that the control ring is clicked by default and this ring's clicks are going to be audible in camera-based audio recordings. Canon offers a click stop removal service for this ring (at a cost).

This lens features a quality plastic external construction. As illustrated above and in some of the other product images in this review, this lens extends modestly (0.87" / 22.2mm) when zoomed to 70mm. The extended inner lens barrel has a very slight amount of play. A switch is provided to lock the lens at the retracted 28mm length, preventing gravity extension that wasn't a problem on the review lens.

Canon RF 28-70mm F2 L USM Lens Side View with Hood

The AF/MF switch is flush-mounted with just enough raised surface area available for easy use, even with gloves. The location of the switch is standard for Canon lenses and accessing it seems natural.

Canon RF 28-70mm F2 L USM Lens Mount

This is a weather-sealed lens, but don't confuse this feature with waterproofness. Still, weather sealing can sometimes save the day, even indoors.

Canon RF 28-70mm F2 L USM Lens Weather Sealing

Like most other recent L lenses, the RF 28-70 F2 L features fluorine coatings on the front and rear lens elements to avoid dust adhesion and to make cleaning easier. This is one of those features that goes unnoticed until something happens in the field.

We discussed the wide diameter of this lens and that is a primary trait. The reason this lens is wide is to avail the wide aperture and the large diameter lens elements required by it. Large lens elements are of course heavy and with a relatively large number of these packed inside, this lens is rather heavy. While you are going to know that you have been holding this lens several hours into a shoot (and might want to opt for another lens for a backpacking adventure), the RF 28-70 F2 L has a great solid feel.

In the table below, the RF 28-70 F2 L is positioned between a set of zoom lenses and a set of primes lenses, both of which it competes against.

ModelWeight oz(g)Dimensions w/o Hood "(mm)FilterYear 
Canon RF 24-70mm F2.8 L IS USM Lens31.8(900)3.5 x 4.9(88.5 x 125.7)822019
Canon EF 24-70mm f/2.8L II USM Lens28.4(805)3.5 x 4.4(88.5 x 113.0)822012
Canon EF 24-70mm f/4L IS USM Lens21.2(600)3.3 x 3.7(83.4 x 93.0)772012
Canon RF 24-105mm F4 L IS USM Lens24.7(700)3.3 x 4.2(83.5 x 107.3)772018
Canon EF 24-105mm f/4L IS II USM Lens28.1(795)3.3 x 4.6(83.5 x 118.0)772016
Canon RF 28-70mm F2 L USM Lens50.5(1430)4.1 x 5.5(103.8 x 139.8)952018
Canon EF 28mm f/1.8 USM Lens10.9(310)2.9 x 2.2(74.0 x 56.0)581995
Canon EF 35mm f/1.4L II USM Lens26.8(760)3.2 x 4.2(80.4 x 105.5)722015
Canon RF 35mm f/1.8 IS STM Macro Lens10.8(305)2.9 x 2.5(74.4 x 62.8)522018
Canon EF 35mm f/2 IS USM Lens11.8(335)3.1 x 2.5(77.9 x 62.6)672012
Canon RF 50mm F1.2 L USM Lens33.5(950)3.5 x 4.3(89.8 x 108.0)772018
Canon EF 50mm f/1.2L USM Lens19.2(545)3.4 x 2.6(85.4 x 65.5)722006
Canon EF 50mm f/1.4 USM Lens10.2(290)2.9 x 2.0(74.0 x 51.0)581993
Canon EF 50mm f/1.8 STM Lens5.6(159)2.7 x 1.5(69.2 x 39.3)492015
Canon EF 85mm f/1.2L II USM Lens36.2(1025)3.6 x 3.3(91.5 x 84.0)722006
Canon EF 85mm f/1.4L IS USM Lens33.5(950)3.5 x 4.1(88.6 x 105.4)772017
Canon EF 85mm f/1.8 USM Lens15.0(425)3.0 x 2.8(75.0 x 72.0)581992

For many more comparisons, review the complete Canon RF 28-70mm F2 L USM Lens Specifications using the site's Lens Spec tool.

With no tripod mount ring included, tripod mounting a camera with this lens attached means cantilevering a significant amount of weight forward of the attachment point. A strong tripod head is needed to avoid a significant downward movement upon locking the head tight. Also, this much weight unbalanced can twist a tripod head lose if it is not tightly locked in place.

The size of this lens partially blocks the EOS R focus assist light, creating a large circular shadow covering bottom left corner of the frame, extending just past the center AF point without the hood attached. The shadow is slightly increased with the hood in place. Selecting an AF point outside of this blocked light area will be necessary in extremely low light scenarios.

Also note that this lens extends below the bottom of the EOS R (without a grip) enough to potentially cause issues with accessories mounted under the camera. To avoid impact, the lens must be lowered into the Oben BC-139 Ball Head clamp while turning the lock knob closed. The Really Right Stuff Lever-Release Clamps clears the bottom of the lens when opened, but not by much.

Putting the sizes into visual perspective is usually advantageous.

Canon RF 28-70mm F2 L USM Lens Compared to Similar Lenses

Positioned above from left to right are the following lenses:

Canon RF 24-105mm F4 L IS USM Lens
Canon RF 28-70mm F2 L USM Lens
Canon EF 24-70mm f/2.8L II USM Lens

The same lenses are shown below with their hoods in place.

Canon RF 28-70mm F2 L USM Lens Compared to Similar Lenses with Hoods

Use the site's product image comparison tool to visually compare the Canon RF 28-70mm F2 L USM Lens to other lenses (another comparison is preloaded).

A wide diameter lens will usually require a wide diameter filter. This one's threads are 95mm wide and that means the filters are large and the quality models you want are expensive. We don't have a standard thickness 95mm circular polarizer filter to test for increased peripheral shading with, but a slim model such as the B+W XS-Pro or Breakthrough X4 is my recommendation.

Canon RF 28-70mm F2 L USM Lens Angle View with Hood

L-series lenses ship with a lens hood and this one comes with a Canon EW-103. This hood model features a spring-loaded release button that makes installing and removing the hood effortless. The hood is made of semi-flexible plastic that should absorb some impact and, overall, provide reasonable physical protection. Protection from light is going to be about as good as possible at the wide angles with the made-for-28mm design being smaller than a designed-for-70mm hood would be.

The EW-103 has a molded rib interior designed to avoid reflections and a matte finish exterior to ... look good. The widest inside measurement of the bayonet mount measures 103mm, matching the name and, as expected, this is a wide hood. My medium-large hand can just adequately press the release button while grasping around the side of the hood. Smaller hands may need to grasp the hood from the front where the reach is shorter.

Canon RF 28-70mm F2 L USM Lens Case

As is customary for Canon standard zoom lenses, a soft-side drawstring pouch is included in the box. The model arriving with this lens is the LP1424. This pouch offers protective padding on the bottom, but the sides offer lighter protection, primarily from scratches and dust. Take note of the dimensions of this lens when considering which case(s) you plan to carry it in.

Canon RF 28-70mm F2 L USM Lens Cap

The Canon E-95 95mm Lens Cap is of course huge, but it works very nicely.

Canon RF 28-70mm F2 L USM Lens Front View on Camera

Price and Value

As indicated in the first paragraph of this review, the RF 28-70mm F2 L carries a high price tag. While the attributes of this lens are very enticing to most photographers, only those with high budgets are going to be able to afford this one. Professionals covering important events such as weddings will definitely find this lens to be of great value. For those that cannot afford the lens, its value is a moot point. However, for those, renting is a great option.

As an "RF" lens, the Canon RF 28-70mm F2 L USM Lens is compatible with all Canon EOS R series cameras. Canon USA provides a 1-year limited warranty.

Two Canon RF 28-70mm F2 L USM Lenses used for this review were on loan from Canon USA, and a third was purchased online/retail.

Canon RF 28-70mm F2 L USM Lens Extended Top View with Hood

Alternatives to the Canon RF 28-70mm F2 L USM Lens

To put it succinctly, this lens has no equivalent alternative and choosing a different lens means sacrificing something. Basically, you can have the focal length range or you can have the wide max aperture. Only this lens gives you both.

Most will consider the Canon RF 24-70mm F2.8 L IS USM Lens to be a primary alternative to the RF 28-70 F2. This lens covers the entire focal length range plus an extra 4mm on the wide end, with a max aperture that is otherwise the widest available in a standard zoom lens — though only half that of the F2 lens.

The RF 24-70 has impressive image quality, and the RF 28-70mm F2 L vs. EF 24-70mm f/2.8L II Lens image quality comparison was anxiously awaited.

At f/2 vs. f/2.8, the 28-70 is, overall, slightly less sharp than the 24-70, though the 28-70 has slight advantages such as the 50mm periphery comparison. Stopped down to f/2.8, the 28-70mm lens takes a slight sharpness advantage, especially in the periphery. The F2 lens has slightly stronger barrel distortion at 28mm than the F2.8 lens has at 24mm but less pincushion distortion over the balance of the focal length range. At equivalent focal lengths, these two lenses show a similar amount of peripheral shading at their wide-open apertures. At equivalent apertures, the F2 lens shows noteably less shading.

Looking at the specs and measurements, the Canon RF 28-70mm F2 L vs. Canon RF 24-70mm F2.8 L IS USM Lens comparison shows the RF F2 Lens being considerably larger, especially in diameter. No surprises there. Also no surprise is that the lens with a 2x larger aperture weighs considerably more. The F2.8 lens holds a significant maximum magnification advantage (0.30x vs. 0.18x). The F2.8 lens uses large 82mm filters, but the F2's 95mm filters are considerably larger still. Not to be overlooked, especially to those not using a Canon EOS R-series camera with IBIS, is the F2.8 lens's 5-stop image stabilization system. All other aspects being equal, the wider aperture lens usually costs more, and that expectation holds true in this case.

Both lenses are outstanding from optical and physical performance considerations. The F2 lens is the ideal choice for stopping motion at low light events and for blurring the background. If you don't need the f/2 aperture, you might find the EF 24-70mm f/2.8L II the better purchase choice.

When the RF 28-70mm F2 Lens was first reviewed, most considered the Canon EF 24-70mm f/2.8L II USM Lens to be the primary alternative. The significant differences are similar to those of the later-arriving RF version of this lens, with the entire focal length range plus an extra 4mm provided on the wide end and a max aperture that, prior to the RF 28-70mm F2 L introduction, was the widest available in a standard zoom lens.

The 24-70 II has impressive image quality, and many of us were anxiously awaiting the RF 28-70mm F2 L vs. EF 24-70mm f/2.8L II Lens image quality comparison.

At f/2 vs. f/2.8, the RF lens is not quite as sharp as the EF lens. Compare both lenses at f/2.8 and the RF lens has a sharpness advantage at the long end. The EF lens has slightly stronger barrel distortion at 24mm than the RF lens has at 28mm, but the advantage reverses at the equivalent 28mm setting and the RF has less pincushion distortion at the long end. At f/2, the RF lens has modestly stronger peripheral shading than the EF lens does at f/2.8, but in the direct f/2.8 comparison, the RF lens has the modest advantage. The two lenses are more similar in this regard at 35mm, but the RF lens retains an advantage, especially deep in the corners at longer focal lengths. The RF lens shows a bit less flare in our tests.

Looking at the specs and measurements, the Canon RF 28-70mm F2 L vs. Canon EF 24-70mm f/2.8L II USM Lens comparison shows the RF F2 Lens being considerably larger, especially in diameter. No surprises there. It weighs considerably more also. While both lenses utilize Ring USM-driven AF, the RF lens uses electronic manual focusing. The EF lens holds a small maximum magnification advantage (0.21x vs. 0.18x) and has extension tubes available for it. The EF lens uses large 82mm filters, but the RF's 95mm filters are considerably larger still. That the EF lens costs 2/3 as much as the RF lens even with the required Canon Mount Adapter EF-EOS R factored in will be a deciding factor for some.

There are also a huge number of prime lenses that could be compared here, but I'll select one, the Canon RF 50mm F1.2 L USM Lens. This lens is an RF model, was introduced simultaneously with the RF 28-70 and is of a similar quality level. Obvious differences to get out of the way are the 28-70's zoom range versatility and the 50 F1.2 L's 1 1/3 stop aperture advantage that includes better low light performance and a stronger background blur capability at 50mm. Both advantages are big, and which is more important depends on the application.

In the wide-open aperture image quality comparison, the zoom lens is slightly sharper in the center of the frame, and the prime lens holds a noticeable mid-frame and periphery sharpness advantage. Stop the 50mm lens down to f/2, and the prime delivers sharper images. The 50mm lens has less linear distortion than the 28-70mm lens at 50mm. The prime lens has strong shading at f/1.4, about the same amount as the zoom at 50mm, and very slightly more shading than the zoom at narrow apertures.

Looking at the specs and measurements, the Canon RF 28-70mm F2 L vs. RF 50mm F1.2 L USM Lens comparison shows the 28-70 being considerably larger and heavier. The 28-70's 95mm filters dwarf the 50's still-large 77mm filters. The 50 gets an extra aperture blade (10 vs. 9) and a focus range limiter. The price of the 28-70 is considerably higher than the 50.

If you only need a 50mm lens, get the prime. If the zoom range versatility is important to you, the 28-70mm lens should be in your kit

There are many other lenses that could be compared to this one. Use the site's tools to make your own comparisons.

Canon RF 28-70mm F2 L USM Lens Top View


The Canon RF 28-70mm F2 L USM Lens is a large, heavy, and expensive lens that is awesome. Garnering a world's first on its credit list, this lens brings the f/2 aperture to the extremely useful standard zoom lens. The RF 28-70mm F2 L Lens in your hand is like having a large kit of prime lenses always mounted on the camera. That this single lens may be able to replace a kit of alternative prime lenses makes the three downsides much more tolerable. The image quality provided by this professional-grade, all-around-high-performing lens significantly lessens any pains remaining.

With price being a barrier to entry, those affording this lens will be able to differentiate their capabilities from those that cannot, creating a desirable separation for photographers who rely on their imagery to earn an income.

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More Canon RF 28-70mm F2 L USM Lens Related Information
Canon RF 28-70mm F2 L USM Lens
Canon RF 28-70mm F2 L USM Lens
Bryan Carnathan
by Bryan Carnathan
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Review Date: 2018-12-26
Last Updated: 2022-04-04
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