What is the ultimate Sony FE (full-frame, E-mount) Portrait lens?
Nearly every lens be used as a portrait lens.
Lenses with focal lengths ranging from 12mm through 600mm can be used to capture the world's most valuable (but not always the most cooperative) subject: people.
Still, not all lenses are good choices for all portrait photography, while some lenses seem explicitly made for this purpose.
The first portrait photography concept that needs to be understood is perspective. If the camera is too close to the subject, the part of the body closest to the lens, usually the nose, is going to appear too large relative to the rest of the body. This effect is due to perspective distortion. Move in too close, and the subject may become uncomfortable with you in their personal space, creating a tension that does not photograph well.
Being too far away from a subject brings other problems. Facial features may become too compressed in appearance, and being too far away complicates communication. Longer focal length lenses require more working distance than their wider counterparts, and physical obstacles can inhibit the necessary line of sight.
The portrait lens focal length decision should be based on the perspective you want, the subject framing desired, and the working space available. A wide-angle lens is best used for environmental portraits where your subject is shown along with their surroundings. Conversely, a long telephoto lens should be used for tight headshots.
Conventional teaching is that the 85-135mm focal length range is ideal for portrait photography. I generally agree with this teaching, though I will often use wider focal lengths such as 50mm for full body portraits or 24mm for environmental portraits, and I prefer a longer focal length such as 200mm for tightly-framed headshot images.
A blurred background will make your portrait subjects pop. Longer focal length lenses will make blurring away a distracting background easier, as will wide apertures. The wide apertures will provide a reduced depth of field, so the depth of field vs. background blur must be considered. I like the mouth and both eyes to be in focus minimally.
If shooting in a studio with a background such as rolled paper and lighting with studio strobes, narrow apertures such as f/8 or f/11 will likely be in use, and all lenses have these options available. The sample portrait included at the top of this page was captured with a 135mm focal length and an f/1.4 aperture. The background is melting away, while a pleasing head and shoulders perspective has been captured.
With that background, move on to some recommendations. Remember that the suggested lenses are simply a selection of favorites for portrait photography, and a huge list of additional lenses can be used for this purpose.
The Best Sony Full-Frame Portrait Lenses
1. Sony FE 70-200mm f/2.8 GM OSS Lens
The Ultimate Telephoto Zoom Lens
The 70-200 f/2.8 image stabilized lens is one of the most crucial zoom lenses in most photographers' kits, and, with a superset of the classic portrait focal length range included, this lens is frequently called upon to photograph people. Professionals and amateurs alike typically have this lens in their hands with high frequency. Professionals use it because there is no better lens available for many jobs, and amatuers use it additionally because this is the longest focal length available in an affordable, conveniently-sized f/2.8 lens.
This completely professional-grade lens has good image quality, fast and accurate AF, and Optical SteadyShot in a solid, weather-sealed, fixed-size body. The wide f/2.8 max aperture allows action to be captured in low light and, combined with the telephoto focal lengths, allows the background to be blurred away. This lens is not inexpensive or light.
2. Sony FE 135mm f/1.8 GM Lens
Elite Grade Image Quality, Ultra-Wide Aperture, Strong Background Blur, Focal Length Suitable for Any Subject Framing
This lens has an ultra-wide f/1.8 aperture, and it produces wide-open aperture image quality that is better than most lenses can produce at any aperture. The results are simply outstanding. This focal length requires a moderate amount of working distance for full body portraits, but this angle of view provides a great perspective for even tight headshots. That background blur this lens can produce is awesome — ideal for portraiture.
3. Sony FE 85mm f/1.4 GM Lens
The Made-For-Portraits Lens
Sony calls the lens "The ultimate portrait prime," and it is hard to argue against that statement. I've used wide-aperture 85mm prime lenses for entire senior portrait shoots, and the results this combination provides are outstanding. There seems always to be enough ambient light to use this lens handheld.
4. Sony FE 85mm f/1.8 Lens
The Best Sony Budget Portrait Lens
If you are on a tight budget but looking for a good portrait lens, look no further. The Sony FE 85mm f/1.8 Lens has your name on it. The 85mm focal length is perfect for portrait photography, and the image quality is good. The size and weight of this lens invite long-term use, and the low price seals the deal. The Sony FE 85mm f/1.8 Lens is a great value.
Visit the Sony Lens Recommendations page for more recommendations.