What is the ultimate Sony FE (full-frame, E-mount) general-purpose lens?
Nearly everyone needs a general-purpose zoom lens — also referred to as a standard/normal zoom lens or a walk-around lens.
Typically, this is the most important lens in your kit. You leave this lens on your camera for everyday needs. With this lens, you photograph your family and all of life. You capture events with this lens. You travel with this lens. You hike with this lens. This lens is responsible for the preservation of your most precious memories.
Because this lens will probably be your most-used, because this lens will capture what is most important to you, and because the quality of the lens makes a huge difference in your photographs, I highly recommend buying the highest quality standard zoom lens you can afford.
A critical factor in lens selection is the focal length range, and I consider the heart of the general-purpose focal length range to the angles of view provided by the approximately 28-70mm focal length range on a full-frame camera. Here is a focal length comparison illustrating a superset of the suggested minimum range:
Here are my recommendations.
The Best Sony Full-Frame General-Purpose Zoom Lenses
Sony's Best Ultra-Wide Zoom Lens
Because of its all-around capabilities and features, the Sony FE 24-70mm f/2.8 GM Lens is the go-to lens for many, including the most advanced professionals. The most-needed focal length range is fully covered with good image quality. The wide f/2.8 max aperture advantages this lens for stopping action in low light, making it an ideal choice for photographing action sports and low light events. The f/2.8 aperture is also useful for creating a strong background blur, allowing the subject to be isolated from a distracting background. This lens's autofocus system performs very well, and the wide aperture enables reliable low light AF performance. The Sony "GM" build quality ensures enduring performance. The biggest drawback for this lens is its price tag — this is not an inexpensive lens.
Excellent Image Quality, Close-Focusing Capabilities, Excellent Build Quality, Great Focal Length Range, Fast Autofocus, Optical SteadyShot, Weather Sealing
Though it lacks the wide f/2.8 aperture, the Sony FE 24-105mm f/4 G OSS Lens adds significantly to the long end of the general-purpose focal length, and it also adds Optical SteadyShot. Lighter weight, smaller size, and lower price are additional advantages this lens has over the Sony FE f/2.8 lens, and somewhat surprisingly, the f/4 lens is slightly sharper in most comparisons. The optical performance combined with the rest of this lens's features, including good weather-sealed build quality, make it a prevalent standard zoom lens choice.
Excellent Image Quality, Incredible Value, Nice Build Quality, Compact, Lightweight
It is not often that I recommend choosing a camera to gain access to a lens, but the Tamron 28-75mm f/2.8 Di III RXD Lens is such an incredible value that this is one of those scenarios. For a very low price, this lens provides a wide f/2.8 aperture over the entire focal length range. This lens is capable of very impressive image quality, rivaling even the Sony FE 24-70 f/2.8 and FE 24-105 f/4 OSS lenses. Everyone can appreciate the small size and light weight of this lens, and Tamron's (USA) 6-year warranty is unsurpassed. While I prefer the 24mm focal length to be available on my general purpose lens, this lens's overall package makes me willing to overlook that aspect. The Tamron 28-75 is simply a great all-purpose lens and a great deal.
Strong Value, Solid Performer
The Sigma 24-70mm f/2.8 DG DN Art Lens, with a focal length range that encompasses the most-used angles of view, is a great all-around lens choice. This lens is well built and functions as beautifully as it looks. With a wide aperture, the 24-70 DN Art lens is ready to tackle low light scenarios, and the image quality this lens produces is very sharp, especially for the low price.
Tiny, Ultra-Light, Affordable, Very Good Image Quality, Short Focal Length Range
The Sony FE 28-60mm f/4-5.6 Lens first arrived as an affordable kit lens, but this lens's performance exceeded expectations for such. This tiny ultra-light lens is ready to go everywhere you go, without holding you back in any way. The FE 28-60 is a great option to have in any kit, including alongside other general-purpose lenses.
Other Important general-purpose Lenses
While the general-purpose/normal/standard zoom lens is going to get the most use by the typical photographer, a kit of lenses will work best for most. Here are the most-recommended next-lenses to buy: