Canon EOS 7D Compared to the Canon EOS Rebel T2i / 550D

SpecificationsCanon EOS 7DCanon EOS Rebel T2i / 550D
  Canon EOS Rebel T2i / 550D
Year Introduced20092010
Megapixels18.018.0
Total Pixels19.018.7
Sensor Size22.3 x 14.9mm22.3 x 14.9mm
Pixel Dimensions5184 x 34565184 x 3456
Pixel Size4.30µm4.30µm
Diffraction-Limited Aperturef/6.9f/6.9
Sensor StabilizationNN
Lens MountEF, EF-S, TS-E, MP-EEF, EF-S, TS-E, MP-E
FOVCF1.6x1.6x
Image ProcessorDual DIGIC 4DIGIC 4
 
Autofocus  
TypeTTL-CT-SIR with a CMOS sensorTTL-CT-SIR AF-dedicated with a CMOS sensor
Points19 cross-type AF points (f/2.8 at center)9 AF points (f/5.6 cross type at center, extra sensitivity at f/2.8)
Working RangeEV -0.5 - 18 (at 23°C & ISO100)EV -0.5 - 18 (at 23°C & ISO100)
ModesOne Shot
AI Focus
AI Servo
One Shot
AI Focus
AI Servo
Point SelectionAutomatic selection: 19 point AF
Manual selection: Single point AF
Manual selection: Spot AF
Manual selection: AF point Expansion
Manual selection: Zone AF
AF points can be selected separately for vertical and horizontal shooting
Automatic selection, Manual selection
MicroadjustmentC.Fn III-5 
+/- 20 steps
Adjust all lenses by same amount
Adjust up to 20 lenses individually
No
 
Exposure Control  
Metering ModesTTL full aperture metering with 63 zone Dual Layer SPC
(1) Evaluative metering (linked to All AF point)
(2) Partial metering (approx. 9.4% of viewfinder at centre)
(3) Spot metering (approx. 2.3% viewfinder at centre)
(4) Centre weighted average metering
TTL full aperture metering with 63-zone SPC
(1) Evaluative metering (linked to all AF points)
(2) Partial metering at center (approx. 9% of viewfinder)
(3) Spot metering (approx. 4% of viewfinder at center)
(4) Center weighted average metering
Metering RangeEV 1 - 20 (at 23°C with 50mm f/1.4 lens ISO100)EV 1 - 20 (at 23°C with 50mm f/1.4 lens ISO100)
Exposure Comp+/-5 EV in 1/3 or 1/2 stop increments (can be combined with AEB).+/-5 EV in 1/3 or 1/2 stop increments (can be combined with AEB).
AEB3 Shots +/-3 EV 1/3 or 1/2 stop increments3 shots +/- 2 EV, 1/2 or 1/3-stop increments
ISO SensitivityAuto (100-6400, max ISO can limited by user ), 100-6400 (in 1/3-stop or whole stop increments) 
ISO can be expanded to H: 12800
Auto (100-6400), 100-6400 Expandable to H (approx 12800) in 1-stop increments
Shutter Speed30 - 1/8000 sec (1/2 or 1/3 stop increments), Bulb (Total shutter speed range. Available range varies by shooting mode)30 - 1/4000 sec (1/2 or 1/3 stop increments), Bulb (Total shutter speed range. Available range varies by shooting mode)
WB SettingsAWB, Daylight, Shade, Cloudy, Tungsten, White
Fluorescent light, Flash, Custom, Color Temperature Setting.
White balance compensation: 
1. Blue/Amber +/-9
2. Magenta/ Green +/-9.
AWB, Daylight, Shade, Cloudy, Tungsten, White
Fluorescent light, Flash, Custom.
White balance compensation: 
1. Blue/Amber +/-9
2. Magenta/ Green +/-9.
Custom WBYes, 1 setting can be registeredYes, 1 setting can be registered
 
Viewfinder  
TypePentaprismPentamirror
CoverageApprox. 100%Approx. 95%
MagnificationApprox. 1.00xApprox. 0.87x
EyepointApprox. 22mmApprox. 19mm
InformationAF information: AF points, focus confirmation light.
Exposure information: Shutter speed, aperture value, ISO speed (always displayed), AE lock, exposure level/compensation, spot metering circle, exposure warning, AEB.
Flash information: Flash ready, high-speed sync, FE lock, flash exposure compensation, red-eye reduction light.
Image information: White balance correction, CF card information, monochrome shooting, maximum burst (2 digit display), Highlight tone priority (D+).
Composition information: Grid, Dual Axis Electronic level
AF information: AF points, focus confirmation light
Exposure information: Shutter speed, aperture value, ISO speed (always displayed), AE lock, exposure level/compensation, spot metering circle, exposure warning, AEB
Flash information: Flash ready, high-speed sync, FE lock, flash exposure compensation, red-eye reduction light
Image information: White balance correction, SD card information, monochrome shooting, maximum burst (1 digit display), Highlight tone priority (D+)
DOF PreviewYes, with Depth of Field preview button.Yes, with Depth of Field preview button.
Eyepiece ShutterOn strapOn strap
 
LCD  
Type3.0" (7.5cm) Clear View II TFT, approx. 920K dots3.0" (7.7cm) 3:2 Clear View TFT, approx. 1040K dots
CoatingAnti-reflection and Solid StructureDual Anti-reflection, anti smudge
Brightness AdjAuto: Using external ambient light sensor
Manual: Adjustable to one of seven levels
Adjustable to one of seven levels
Display Options(1) Quick Control Screen
(2) Camera settings
(3) Dual Axis Electronic Level
(1) Quick Control Screen
(2) Camera settings
 
Flash  
Built-in GN12 (ISO 100, meters)13 (ISO 100, meters)
Built-in CoverageUp to 15mm focal length (35mm equivalent: 24mm)Up to 17mm focal length (35mm equivalent: 27mm)
Built-in Recycle TimeApprox. 3 secondsApprox. 3 seconds
ModesAuto, Manual flash, Multi flash, Integrated Speedlite TransmitterAuto, Manual Flash On/off
X-Sync1/250sec1/200sec
Exposure Compensation+/- 3EV in 1/2 or 1/3 increments+/- 2EV in 1/2 or 1/3 increments
Hot Shoe/PC TerminalYes / YesYes / No
External Flash CompE-TTL II with EX series Speedlites, wireless multi-flash supportE-TTL II with EX series Speedlites, wireless multi-flash support
External Flash ControlVia camera menuVia camera menu
 
Shooting  
Shooting ModesAuto (Stills and Movie), Creative Auto, Program AE, Shutter priority AE, Aperture priority AE, Manual (Stills and Movie), Custom (x3)Auto, Portrait, Landscape, Close-up, Sports, Night Portrait, No Flash, Movie, Program AE , Shutter priority AE, Aperture priority AE, Manual, A-DEP
Picture StylesStandard, Portrait, Landscape, Neutral, Faithful, Monochrome, User Defined (x3)Standard, Portrait, Landscape, Neutral, Faithful, Monochrome, User Defined (x3)
Image ProcessingHighlight Tone Priority
Auto Lighting Optimizer (4 settings)
Long exposure noise reduction
High ISO speed noise reduction (4 settings)
Auto Correction of Lens Peripheral illumination
RAW image processing - during image Playback only
Resize to M or S
Highlight Tone Priority
Auto Lighting Optimizer (Basic and Creative modes)
Long exposure noise reduction
High ISO speed noise reduction
Peripheral illumination correction
Drive ModesSingle, Continuous L, Continuous H, Self timer (2s+remote, 10s +remote)Single, Continuous, Self timer (2s, 10s+remote, 10s + continuous shots 2-10)
Continuous ShootingMax. Approx. 8fps. (speed maintained for up to 130 images (JPEG)(with UDMA card), 25 images (RAW))Max. Approx. 3.7fps. (speed maintained for minimum of approx 34 images (JPEG), 6 images (RAW))
Shutter Lag59ms90ms
Viewfinder Blackout100ms130ms
 
Live View  
FrameRate30 fps30 fps
FocusingManual Focus (Magnify the image 5x or 10x at any point on screen)
Autofocus: Quick mode, Live mode, Live Face detection mode
Manual Focus (Magnify the image 5x or 10x at any point on screen)
Autofocus: Quick mode, Live mode
MeteringReal-time evaluative metering with image sensor
Active metering time can be changed
Real-time evaluative metering with image sensor
Active metering time can be changed
Display OptionsGrid overlay (x2), HistogramGrid overlay, Histogram
 
File Information  
Still ImageTypeJPEG: Fine, Normal (Exif 2.21 [Exif Print] compliant) / Design rule for Camera File system (2.0), 
RAW: RAW, M-RAW, S-RAW (14bit, Canon original RAW 2nd edition), 
Digital Print Order Format [DPOF] Version 1.1 compliant
JPEG: Fine, Normal (Exif 2.21 [Exif Print] compliant) / Design rule for Camera File system (2.0), 
RAW: RAW (14bit, Canon original RAW 2nd edition), 
Digital Print Order Format [DPOF] Version 1.1 compliant
Image SizeJPEG: (L) 5184x3456, (M) 3456x2304, (S) 2592x1728
RAW: (RAW) 5184x3456, (M-RAW) 3888x2592, (S-RAW) 2592x1728
JPEG: (L) 5184x3456 (M) 3456x2304, (S) 2592x1728
RAW: (RAW) 5184x3456
Movie TypeMOV (Video: H.264, Sound: Linear PCM, recording level can be manually adjusted by user)MOV (Video: H.264, Sound: Linear PCM)
Movie Size1920 x 1080 (29.97, 25, 23.976 fps)
1280 x 720 (59.94, 50 fps)
640 x 480 (59.94, 50 fps)
1920 x 1080 (29.97, 25, 23.976 fps)
1280 x 720 (59.94, 50 fps)
640 x 480 (59.94, 50 fps)
Movie LengthMax duration 29min 59sec, Max file size 4GBMax duration 29m 59sec, Max file size 4GB
 
Other Information  
Wireless Features
GPSvia optional GP-E2 GPS Receiver
Custom Functions27 Custom Functions with 70 settings12 Custom Functions with 36 settings
LCD Panel / IlluminationYes / YesYes / Yes
Water & Dust ResistanceYes (equal to EOS-1N)
Sound MemoNoNo
 
Interface  
Computer InterfaceHi-Speed USBHi-Speed USB
Other InterfaceHDMI mini output, Video output (PAL/ NTSC), Extension system terminal (for WFT-E5), External microphone (Stereo mini jack)Video output (PAL/ NTSC) (integrated with USB terminal), HDMI mini output (HDMI-CEC compatible), External microphone (3.5mm Stereo mini jack)
 
Memory  
Memory TypeCompactFlash Type I/ II (Microdrive compatible, UDMA compatible), external storage with WFT-E5SD card, SDHC card or SDXC card
 
Batteries & Power  
BatteryRechargeable Li-ion Battery LP-E6 (supplied), 1x CR1616 for date & settingsRechargeable Li-ion Battery LP-E8
Battery LifeApprox. 800 (at 23°C, AE 50%, FE 50%)
750 (at 0°C, AE 50%, FE 50%)
Approx. 440 (at 23°C, AE 50%, FE 50%)
400 (at 0°C, AE 50%, FE 50%)
Power Supply Battery ChargersAC Adapter Kit ACK-E6, Battery charger LC-E6, Car Battery charger CBC-E6AC Adapter Kit ACK-E8, Battery charger LC-E8, LC-E8E
 
Physical Specs  
Body MaterialsMagnesium Alloy body coversStainless Steel and polycarbonate resin with glass fiber
Shutter Durability Rating150,000N/A
Operating Environment0 – 40 °C, 85% or less humidity0 – 40 °C, 85% or less humidity
Dimensions Inches5.8 x 4.4 x 2.9" (148.2 x 110.7 x 73.5mm)5.1 x 3.8 x 2.4" (128.8 x 97.3 x 62mm)
CIPA Weight32.2 oz (914g)18.7 oz (530g)
 
Accessories  
ViewfinderEyecup Eg, Dioptric adjustment lens Eg, Anti-Fog Eyepiece EgEyecup Ef, E-series Dioptric Adjustment Lens with Rubber Frame Ef, Eyepiece Extender EP-EX15II, Angle Finder C
Wireless File TransmitterWireless File Transmitter WFT-E5
Compatible LensesAll EF, EF-S, TS-E and MP-E lensesAll EF, EF-S, TS-E and MP-E lenses
Battery Grip BG-E7  Buy ► BG-E8  Buy ►
RemoteRemote control with N3 type contact, Wireless Controller LC-5, Remote Controller RC-1/RC-5Remote Switch RS-60E3, Remote Controller RC-6
OtherHand Strap E2, GP-E2Hand Strap E2
 
Review Canon EOS 7D Canon EOS Rebel T2i / 550D
 
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